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Sri Lanka Equity Forum » Stock Market Talk » CSE THIS WEEK

CSE THIS WEEK

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1 CSE THIS WEEK on Fri Nov 02, 2018 6:42 am

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
First topic message reminder :

Sri Lanka looking at trade, payments 'measures' to stabilize rupee: Finance Ministry


Nov 01, 2018

Sri Lanka says it is looking at 'external trade' and 'payment transactions," measures to stabilize the exchange rate, the finance ministry said as the rupee continued to slide amid sterilized intervention. 

"The measures to further consolidation of external trade and payment transactions are also being examined to provide much needed stability to the exchange rate," the finance ministry said.

It is not clear whether 'further consolidation' refers to additional trade, exchange, or remmittance controls. Sri Lanka has already placed import controls on cars and some other products.

Sri Lanka operates a soft-pegged exchange rate regime, involving sterilizing interventions with new money, which tends to bring further pressure to the exchange rate, analysts have warned. (Colombo/Nov01/2018)

https://economynext.com/Sri_Lanka_lo...3-12446-1.html



Last edited by ruwan326 on Fri Nov 02, 2018 6:46 am; edited 1 time in total


41 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Mon Dec 31, 2018 10:30 pm

Yahapalanaya


Vice President - Equity Analytics
Vice President - Equity Analytics
@ruwan326 wrote:
@Yahapalanaya wrote:CSE GREEN
 
ASPI 6052

37 points up 

Sorry Samariyan,Maharaja,Kithsiri,Ryan

Basketball Basketball Basketball
Who are these members????????
Samariyan & Kithsiri?????????? Wink Wink Wink
MARA ge golayo.. Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy

42 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Tue Jan 01, 2019 8:20 pm

ruwan326


Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Sri Lanka rupee ends flat after sudden rise, stocks up on Jan 01

Jan 01, 2019 


Sri Lanka's rupee closed around 182.80/183.00 around the same as a day earlier, after a sudden rise in intra-day trading, while stocks closed up in the first day of trading in 2019, dealers and brokers said.

The rupee closed around 182.90/183.00 on Monday against the US dollar in the spot market.
In intra-day trading on Tuesday the rupee was seen trading as strong as 182.00 before falling towards the end of the day, market participants said.

The Colombo All Share Index closed up 0.6 percent, with Ceylon Tobacco Company closing up 40 rupees 2.4 percent at 1,707.60 rupees.
John Keells Holdings closed up 3.70 at 159.70 rupees.

Bond yields were mostly flat, ahead of a Treasury bill auction on Wednesday.
A bond maturing on 15.12.2021, was quoted at 11.45/50 percent Tuesday, about the same from Tuesday close of 11.50/52 percent, dealers said.

A bond maturing on 15.07.2023, was quoted at 11.60/65 percent Tuesday, flat dealers said.
A bond maturing on 01.08.2026 bond was quoted around at 11.66/11.70 percent flat. 

https://economynext.com/Sri_Lanka_rupee_ends_flat_after_sudden_rise,_stocks_up_on_Jan_01-3-13026-3.html

43 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Wed Jan 02, 2019 6:43 am

ruwan326


Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS

44 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Wed Jan 02, 2019 12:31 pm

ruwan326


Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Sri Lanka to halve foreign investor limit of rupee Treasuries

Jan 02, 2019 


Sri Lanka will cut the volume of rupee bonds foreigners can hold from 10 percent of total outstanding to 5 percent, Central Bank Governor Indrajit Coomaraswamy said as a soft-pegged regime has put renewed pressure on the currency.
Some bond investors are footloose, and making the external sector volatile, he said.

"In view of the increased volatility global financial markets we intend to reduce the threshold for foreign investment in rupee denominated from 10 percent to 5 percent," Governor Coomaraswamy said presenting a road map for monetary policy for 2019.
Sri Lanka runs a soft-peg with the US dollar and has found it difficult to cope with bond outflows as it tries to prevent a 'disorderly adjustment' of the exchange rate and then print money to keep rates down.

Rupee bond holders have been fleeing Sri Lanka from around May after the central bank cut rates and injected liquidity in April.
Analysts have warned that Sri Lanka has to reform the central bank or abandon the soft-peg to allow free capital mobility and help make the island financial centre. 
Foreign companies raised capital in Sri Lanka's stock market during British rule when Sri Lanka had a currency board, when the agency intervenes in forex markets, but does not print money after the intervention.

https://economynext.com/Sri_Lanka_to_halve_foreign_investor_limit_of_rupee_Treasuries-3-13032-1.html

45 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Wed Jan 02, 2019 5:50 pm

Yahapalanaya


Vice President - Equity Analytics
Vice President - Equity Analytics
Today also Green

ASPI 6062

Increased by 9.8 points

Machan Soil,Samaritan,Maharajah group when will it come to 5500..

Good 2019 beginning to all real Srilankan investors.. Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy

46 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Wed Jan 02, 2019 7:43 pm

easthetic


Equity Analytic
Equity Analytic
Will the positive vibes of new year inject some energy to see.Things are good for last week or so.

47 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Wed Jan 02, 2019 8:10 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
I think we are understating Sri Lanka’s GDP under new methodology: CB Governor
Jan 02, 2019 

Sri Lanka’s Central Bank Governor on Wednesday pointed out that the authorities need to look at carefully whether they are recording the GDP of the country accurately.
According to Coomaraswamy’s own view, the growth in 2018 should be somewhere between 3.5 and 4 percent.

“I don’t think this is a 3 percent growth economy, the IMF said 3.5 percent, the World Bank said 4 percent and we thought it was about 3.8 percent,” he said.
“My own view is that we are understating GDP. Not that anybody doing it intentionally, it’s just the process of going into a new methodology that needs to support with the certain amount of surveys.”
Sri Lanka adopted a new methodology for recording GDP estimates a few years ago which was commended by experts as a good methodology.

“But that methodology needs a lot of surveys to support it. We at the moment don’t have the resources to undertake all the surveys that are necessary to support that methodology,” he said.
“So, they tend to use proxies, when you use proxies it tends to be a judgment call. So what is not certain is that whether they have picked the right proxies or enough proxies.”
Coomaraswamy said even though the Census and Statistics Department is the statutory authority publishing growth figures, they also have challenges.

“One particular number I’m challenged by is the transport sector; it contracted. Maybe it’s true but that’s something that I have doubts because proxies used for that may not be completed as they could be,”
“Even the port city, I think there is some challenge in how to record that activity.”

http://www.lankabusinessonline.com/i-think-we-are-understating-sri-lankas-gdp-under-new-methodology-cb-governor/

48 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Thu Jan 03, 2019 9:19 am

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Sri Lanka to be 'brutal' on finance companies that lose capital

Jan 03, 2019 


Sri Lanka will act fast to resolve finance companies that fall short of capital, Central Bank Governor Indrajit Coomaraswamy said., which had led to large holes in balance sheets and collapses, ending a the practice of procrastination or regulatory forbearance.

Finance companies in future will have to boost capital quickly when required.
"If finance companies don't, we will have to take regulatory action. We will have to be brutal when we apply that," Governor Coomaraswamy told reporters.

In the US, the policymakers took away the discretion and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, a resolution agency now acts quickly, because delays expanded the capital shortage and the gap between deposits and assets widened.

It was easy to find a buyer when the capital shortage was small, and even if there were no takers, the FDIC had to put in only a small amount of cash in a liquidation, when a lender was closed as soon as capital fell below a pre-determined threshold like 200 basis points. 

The US has thousands of independent banks, dating back from its free banking era and also when branch banking was prohibited and a number of banks fail each year. 
When the housing bubble fired by the Federal Reserve collapsed in 2008/2009, 140 banks coming under FDIC mandate failed, another 157 failed the following year.
At end-September 2018, the ratio of capital held at finance companies in Sri Lanka to cover risks (capital adequacy) fell to 11.1 percent from 13.2 percent a year earlier.
Because finance companies give loans to riskier clients than ordinary banks, they need higher capital buffers, according to some analysts.

Central Bank regulations introduced in July 2018 call for finance companies to have at least 10 percent capital adequacy. By July 2019, capital adequacy has to increase to 10.5 percent, eventually requiring 12.5 percent July 2021 onwards.

Analysts say Sri Lanka will need to legislate a threshold like 8 percent to effectively end regulatory forbearance.

Coomaraswamy said another step existing finance companies could take is to merge with peers to meet the minimum capital levels, since having over 40 finance companies in the country is 'ridiculous', although the central bank will not force firms to take either option.

There was a spurt of new finance company licenses issued during the Rajapaksa regime. Several shadow banking institutions also failed at the time.
The current problems in firms like The Finance and ETI Finance, date back to the forbearance period.
"Non-compliance will result in restrictions on deposit and business expansion and, where necessary, winding up of businesses," Coomaraswamy said.

"Therefore, it will be necessary for finance companies to give priority to capital augmentation plans in the near future," he said.
"The change in the regulatory posture of the central bank will result in early interventions against noncompliant, distressed and high risk finance companies."
Many finance companies have primitive IT systems which are not capable of complex risk management. 
Bad loans across finance companies were 7 percent at end-September 2018, up from 5.7 percent a year earlier.

Coomaraswamy's hard hitting stance amidst concerns raised by officials that some that some finance companies are ignoring regulations, rights of depositors and risk management practices to please wishes of shareholders. Coomaraswamy said central bank officials are closely monitoring and talking with other at-risk finance companies to stabilize them.

He said there is little risk to Sri Lanka's economy if finance companies go bust, as they hold only 7.9 percent of the total assets in the financial sector.

"This long tail of very vulnerable finance companies are in turn a very small part of the total assets," 
Coomaraswamy said.

"Some larger finance companies are robust, and are as strong as banks."
"Having said that clearly there can be a contagion effect if there is instability in some institutions," he said.
Coomaraswamy said a deposit insurance scheme is settling what the companies owe their depositors.

https://economynext.com/Sri_Lanka_to_be__brutal__on_finance_companies_that_lose_capital-3-13038-17.html

49 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Thu Jan 03, 2019 9:22 am

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
PM, biz leaders beeline for Orchids!
3 January 2019



Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, flanked by Urban Areas and Western Development Minister Patali Champika Ranawaka, Health Minister Rajitha Senaratne, Skills Development and Vocational Training Deputy Minister Karunarathna Paranawithana, Waters Edge Chairman Chamath Silva, Laugfs Holdings Chairman W.K.H. Wegapitiya, Access Group Chairman Sumal Perera, and Vallibel One Group Chairman Dhammika Perera, at the launch of ‘50K Orchids’ restaurant at Water’s Edge, Battaramulla on Tuesday.

http://www.ft.lk/front-page/PM--biz-leaders-beeline--for-Orchids-/44-670081

50 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Thu Jan 03, 2019 9:19 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Sri Lanka preparing for sovereign bond, state banks loans to go ahead

Jan 03, 2019

Sri Lanka is preparing the groundwork to sell a sovereign bond at a suitable time Central Bank Governor Indrajit Coomaraswamy said, though a maturing billion dollar bond in January will be repaid instead of being rolled over in 2018 after political crisis hit the island in October.

Sri Lanka will get cabinet approval to sell the sovereign bond appoint managers who will then go for a bond sale at a appropriate time, he said.
Sri Lanka was downgraded by Moody's, Fitch and Standard and Poors to B-, during the crisis, just as the country was about to sign a deal with the International Monetary Fund for the last stretch in a 3 year program.

"If we get downgraded again, we will lose access to capital markets," he said.
President Maithripala Sirisena after he triggered a political crisis by appointing Mahinda Rajapaksa as Prime Minister and illegally dissolving parliament delaying plans to raise loans and rollover bonds.
Three state banks were also planning to raise loans from the Middle East and give the government, which were delayed by the crisis will also go ahead, Coomaraswamy said.
But the rates had increased after the downgrade, and had to be re-negotiated.

Coomaraswamy said Sri Lanka will repay a sovereign bond in January out of its own resources, with the Treasury already having about 650 million dollars in proceeds from the sale of the Hambantota port.
Sri Lanka has about 5.9 billion US dollars of debt to repay in 2019 including dollar denominated domestic debt.

Sri Lanka's forex reserves fell below 7 billion US dollars in December, down from a target of 10 billion in the beginning of the year, with the central bank losing control of a peg after it cut rates and printed money in April followed by another unsterilized build up of liquidity in August, which undermined the credibility of its peg.

In the November the central bank lost 500 million dollars in interventions amid the political crisis. 


https://economynext.com/Sri_Lanka_preparing_for_sovereign_bond,_state_banks_loans_to_go_ahead-3-13045-1.html

51 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Thu Jan 03, 2019 9:25 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics

EU Parliamentarians meet Finance Minister

January, 3, 2019


Two European Union Parliamentary Members, Lord William Dartmouth and Geoffrey Van Orden, who visited Sri Lanka as members of the “Friends of Sri Lanka Group”, paid a courtesy call on the Minister of Finance and Mass Media Mr. Mangala Samaraweera, at the latter’s office on 2nd January. During the call both the parties exchanged views on matters of mutual interests and agreed to enhance bilateral trade and tourism cooperation, maximizing the benefits for Sri Lanka under the EU’s GSP+ facility.
Mr. Malik Samarawickrema, Minister of Development Strategies and International Trade, Dr. R.H.S.Samaratunge, Secretary to the Treasury and Ministry of Finance and Mass Media and Mr. Mano Tittawella, Senior Adviser to Finance Minister were also present.

http://bizenglish.adaderana.lk/eu-parliamentarians-meet-finance-minister/

52 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Tue Jan 08, 2019 9:38 am

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Sri Lanka cement use flat in 2018, but pick up in September

Jan 08, 2019

Sri Lanka's cement production was down 3.2 percent to 2.086 million tonnes in the first nine months of the year and imports were also flat, but there has been a pick-up in September, official data shows.
Total imports and production was flat at 6.204 million tonnes in the first nine months of the year, against 6.229 million tonnes a year earlier, central bank data showed.

In September domestic production picked up 11.4 percent to 262,000 metric tonnes.
Imports also picked up 18 percent to 909,000 metric tonnes during the month. Imports however may vary over months, as stocks change.

Sri Lanka's statistics office said the construction sector grew 2.5 percent in real terms during the third quarter of 2018, compared to a year earlier. Nominal growth was 7.5 percent. 


https://economynext.com/Sri_Lanka_ce...3-13078-4.html

53 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Tue Jan 08, 2019 8:20 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics

Sri Lanka for removal of trade barriers


January, 8, 2019


LAHORE: Sri Lanka has sought removal of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) and other issues to improve trade with Pakistan.

Addressing the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry on Monday, High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to Pakistan Noordeen Mohamed Shaheid said that though the two countries signed Free Trade Agreement (FTA), certain issues including NTBs need to be resolved to improve trade between the two countries.

The envoy said Pakistan and Sri Lanka had signed the FTA in June 2005 under which the private sectors of both the countries were provided with greater opportunities to take trade and economic relations to next level. From 2005 onwards, there was significant increase in bilateral trade, he said. “But it is also a fact that the two countries could not succeed in fully exploiting the trade potential,” he added.

The Sri Lankan high commissioner said there was a vast scope for the expansion of bilateral between Pakistan and Sri Lank.

He urged that both countries should introduce new products for trade and make business-to-business contacts stronger. “Sri Lanka offers huge opportunities in various sectors of economy,” he added. He said though terrorism remained a big challenge for Sri Lanka, but today it a peaceful country. “We have defeated terrorism due to immense support of Pakistan,” he said.

Speaking on the occasion, LCCI President Almas Hyder said Sri Lanka was at the take-off stage and Pakistani business community should avail this great opportunity. “Both Pakistan and Sri Lanka are members of Saarc and enjoy friendly relations based on historical linkages.

Cooperation between two countries especially in defence sector has played major role in further strengthening the mutual ties,” he added.

Earlier, National Assembly Deputy Speaker Qasim Khan Suri also visited the LCCI and said the government was making all-out efforts to overcome the inherited economic crisis. “The business community has a key role in economy and economic challenges will be tackled with their cooperation,” he said.

http://bizenglish.adaderana.lk/sri-lanka-for-removal-of-trade-barriers/

54 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Tue Jan 08, 2019 8:25 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Recent rupee depreciation aligned with capital outflows not current account
Jan 08, 2019

Sri Lanka’s Central Bank Governor says that the rupee depreciation is no longer aligned with fundamentals in terms of current account flows and it is now being driven by capital outflows from the government securities market.

Governor Indrajit Coomaraswamy recently revealed that foreigners who held about two billion US dollars worth of rupee denominate government securities have now brought it down to just nine hundred million dollars.

“That money has had to be fed through the market and that has created a lot of pressure in a thin market of somewhere between sixty to hundred million a day,” he said.

“If 10 or 20 million of government securities money flows out it clearly creates an imbalance between supply and demand in the market.”

Coomaraswamy says that they had to intervene in the foreign exchange market as they think the current depreciation of the currency is a disorderly depreciation.

“The currency has depreciated almost sixteen percent and the real effective exchange rate is well below hundred, so it is now undervalued,” he said.

“So there is no justification for the central bank to prevent what we think now is a disorderly depreciation of the currency, so we have to intervene.”

Governor Coomaraswamy said that they also had to take a remedial action last year to reduce current account outflows. Gold imports, vehicle imports, and oil imports are the main sources that affected current account outflows.

“So those three main sources of instability in the current account have been looked after but now what we need to do is change sentiment,” he said.

According to the Governor, people need change sentiment at three levels. Importers need confidence not to accelerate imports, exporters need to start converting export proceeds or at least convert in a more timely basis and thirdly the holders of gov securities needs to have greater confidence to hold their money.

“Now it’s a matter of confidence in terms of the way we are managing the economy both on the fiscal and monetary side. We are very confident that on all those fronts going forward with the support of the government we can do what is necessary.”

http://www.lankabusinessonline.com/recent-rupee-depreciation-aligned-with-capital-outflows-not-current-account/

55 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Tue Jan 08, 2019 10:01 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
New Sri Lanka logistics facility targets exporters

Jan 08, 2019 

Sri Lanka’s investment agency has approved a project to build a warehouse and container depot near the Biyagama export processing zone to help exporters bring raw materials and machinery and ship outbound finished products.

The project by Skylift Container Depot and Logistics (Private) Limited, with a total value of 1.83 million US dollars will be located at Walgama, Malwana and employ 49 people, the Board of Investment said.

“We have considerable experience in handling of logistics and container depots both in Sri Lanka and in Melbourne, Australia,” the BOI statement quoted Roshan Buthgama, Director and Managing Director of Skylift as saying.

“We are confident that many of the BOI enterprises at the Biyagama Export Processing Zone will be our future customers, as this will be very advantageous for all companies.

“The activities of the logistic center would include handling of both inbound containers which would include raw materials and machinery and outbound finished products.”

The firm will set up a facility that would be engaged in warehousing and logistic services with a container depot.  

https://economynext.com/New_Sri_Lanka_logistics_facility_targets_exporters-3-13081-6.html

56 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Wed Jan 09, 2019 9:00 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
RBI Agrees to USD 400 mn SWAP – Boost to Reserves

January, 9, 2019



The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has agreed to provide USD 400 mn to the Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL) under its SAARC SWAP facility.

CBSL has also requested a further bilateral SWAP arrangement of USD 1 billion between the RBI and CBSL which is under consideration.

The RBI’s very rapid and timely assistance will serve to boost investor confidence by supporting Sri Lanka to maintain an adequate level of external reserves while accommodating outflows related to imports, debt servicing and, if necessary, support for the currency to avoid disorderly adjustment.

The CBSL acknowledges the very active role played by the Government of India, the Sri Lankan High Commission, in Delhi, and the Indian High Commission, in Colombo, in facilitating these arrangements.

With the end of the delays related to the political developments in the country, the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) and the CBSL have also already revived action to: (1) issue international sovereign bonds; (ii) obtain term loans; and (iii) negotiate credit lines through the State banks on behalf of the GoSL. It is expected that these operations will be completed in 1Q 2019.

In addition, Hon Mangala Samaraweera, Minister of Finance and Mass Media will be visiting Washington (14 – 16 January 2019) to resume negotiations with the IMF on the Extended Fund Facility.

http://bizenglish.adaderana.lk/rbi-a...t-to-reserves/

57 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Wed Jan 09, 2019 9:01 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
@ruwan326 wrote:RBI Agrees to USD 400 mn SWAP – Boost to Reserves

January, 9, 2019



The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has agreed to provide USD 400 mn to the Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL) under its SAARC SWAP facility.

CBSL has also requested a further bilateral SWAP arrangement of USD 1 billion between the RBI and CBSL which is under consideration.

The RBI’s very rapid and timely assistance will serve to boost investor confidence by supporting Sri Lanka to maintain an adequate level of external reserves while accommodating outflows related to imports, debt servicing and, if necessary, support for the currency to avoid disorderly adjustment.

The CBSL acknowledges the very active role played by the Government of India, the Sri Lankan High Commission, in Delhi, and the Indian High Commission, in Colombo, in facilitating these arrangements.

With the end of the delays related to the political developments in the country, the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) and the CBSL have also already revived action to: (1) issue international sovereign bonds; (ii) obtain term loans; and (iii) negotiate credit lines through the State banks on behalf of the GoSL. It is expected that these operations will be completed in 1Q 2019.

In addition, Hon Mangala Samaraweera, Minister of Finance and Mass Media will be visiting Washington (14 – 16 January 2019) to resume negotiations with the IMF on the Extended Fund Facility.

http://bizenglish.adaderana.lk/rbi-a...t-to-reserves/
https://economynext.com/Sri_Lanka_fi...3-13097-1.html 
Hope these two news will give a green day tomorrow  Wink

58 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Mon Jan 14, 2019 8:56 am

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
UN wants Sri Lanka banks to contribute to agriculture credit line

Jan 11, 2019


The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) of the United Nations is looking for further funding from banks and cooperative societies to expand credit lines to poor Sri Lankan farmers.
"We are asking banks to contribute 30 percent of the funds in a line of credit," IFAD project consultant Rauno Zander, a rural finance expert, told a business forum in Colombo on January 10.
He said currently the project fund covers the entire credit line, which provides loans to farmers at a concessional 6.5 percent.

Under the Smallholder Agribusiness Partnership Programme (SAPP), IFAD has provided 11.5 million dollars as a direct line of credit, while a further 18.5 million dollars has been provided by the Sri Lankan government, loaned through a revolving fund at the central bank.
A central bank official said the interest rate would have to be higher if banks are to contribute 30 percent of funds to each loan, since they borrow from money markets at rates much higher than 6.5 percent, to which Zander agreed.

IFAD is also expecting banks to fully finance short-term working capital loans of farmers in the programme, leaving credit lines for other loans.

The programme, which is running from July 2017 until June 2023, provides long-term capital loans, short-term working capital loans, and youth loans.
"These working capital loans are safer, and these are the type of loans banks do anyway," Zander said.
"The repayment period is short, around 6 to 12 months, and so the risk profile is low," he said.

Zander also wants more flexibility in loan repayments for farmers, which the central bank said it would consider after talks with the nine banks in the programme.
Zander said cooperative societies such as Sanasa are more active in agricultural areas compared to banks, and they should be brought into the programme as lenders.
However, the central bank representative said such an option is not possible under the Monetary Law Act, since the central bank cannot deal with such societies.

Currently, only around 10 percent of the funds available under the fund have been loaned to farmers.
Zander said the need to follow regulations had slowed down the process at the start, but it is working smoothly now.

https://economynext.com/UN_wants_Sri_Lanka_banks_to_contribute_to_agriculture_credit_line-3-13116-17.html

59 Re: CSE THIS WEEK on Mon Jan 14, 2019 12:30 pm

ruwan326

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Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Chinese loans not main source of debt trap, says think tank
2019-01-14




  • Funds borrowed through ISBs at higher rates outweigh loans from China
  • ISB debt growth caused by shift from concessional debt to commercial debt 
  • Price of debt  more crucial than quantity of debt- Verité Research


Sri Lanka getting caught in a debt trap and finding itself in a precarious position has less to do with its borrowings from China but more to do with its participation in international bond market activities, according to Colombo-based economic think tank Verité Research.


While Sri Lanka is being made the poster child of falling into the Chinese debt trap, where it is largely perceived that the nation’s sovereignty and geo-political space is compromised, the latest insights by Verité Research narrate a different story. 
Of Sri Lanka’s total external debt, Verité Research identifies that less than 15 percent is from China. Although the share of debt to that country cannot be considered low, it is certainly is not the main source of the debt trap, according to Verité Research Executive Director and Head of Research Nishan de Mel.


Acknowledging that Sri Lanka’s debt exposure to China has increased from 2 percent and has grown fast, de Mel pointed out that it is not the monopolizing source of debt. 
According to him, the dominating source of the debt trap is the debt to international financial and bond markets, where the rate of borrowing is almost three times higher.
Analysis by Verité Research showed that almost 50 percent of Sri Lanka’s debt liabilities are to international financial and bond markets, which have grown from almost zero percent since 2007—the year the country started issuing international sovereign bonds (ISBs). 


This source of debt picked up at a fast pace as Sri Lanka lost access to bilateral concessional debt in 2005 and 2006. De Mel said that the shift from concessional debt to commercial debt is what has essentially forced this growth. 
In addition to Sri Lanka borrowing at over 6 percent, the other aspect of ISBs is that it is short term and has to be refinanced every seven years on average. 
When compared with the debt from China post-2012, such loans were extended at a concessionary rate of 2 percent and are to be refinanced approximately in 19 years. 


“Looking at it from a Sri Lankan perspective, it is important to recognize that there are significant to simple financial advantages in borrowing from China at 2 percent and having 19 years to sort that out than borrowing from international financial markets at over 6 percent and having only 7 years to recycle that,” explained de Mel.
“That has a significant implication to Sri Lanka as the cost of the commercial debt is quite high compared to the cost of multilateral and bilateral debt.” 
He elaborated that with the ISBs having a weighted average of 6.29 percent, the rate is high and it is getting too expensive to borrow from such sources. Although it’s a decade since the end of the war, Sri Lanka’s risk premium too has not declined as much as it should, de Mel noted.


“Our thought process is that even though people talk about the quantity of debt, it is not necessarily the fundamental problem. It is the price of debt; placing our monetary position at risk is the price we are paying,” he said. 

http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/Chinese-loans-not-main-source-of-debt-trap-says-think-tank-161047.html

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